• Users Online: 89
  • Home
  • Print this page
  • Email this page
Home About us Editorial board Ahead of print Current issue Search Archives Submit article Instructions Subscribe Contacts Login 
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 302-307

Effect of curcumin-containing chitosan nanoparticle on caspase-3, carcinoembryonic antigen in colorectal cancer induced by dimethylhydrazine

1 Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt
2 Department of Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Eman R Mohamed
Department of Medical Biochemistry, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut, Postal/Zip Code 71515
Login to access the Email id

Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/JCMRP.JCMRP_48_18

Rights and Permissions

Background and aim Colon cancer is the third most common cancer for males and the fourth for females in Egypt. Previous studies have demonstrated that curcumin (CUR) is safely used against different cancers. This study was performed to evaluate the effect of curcumin-containing chitosan nanoparticles (CUR-CS-NP) against colon cancer induced by dimethylhydrazine (DMH) in rats. Material and methods The rats were randomly divided into four groups. The first group served as control group. The second group received DMH (20 mg/kg, subcutaneously) once a week. The third group was given DMH and CUR. Group 4 received DMH and CUR-CS-NP. The animals were sacrificed at the end of 10 weeks. Caspase-3 expression in colon tissues was determined by quantitative real-time PCR. Plasma levels of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) were determined by enzyme-linked immunoassay. Malondialdehyde (MDA), nitric oxide, and reduced glutathione were determined in plasma and colorectal tissues. Histopathological examinations of colon tissues were done. Results DMH treatment decreased caspase-3 expression, increased CEA, and oxidative stress levels. Pathologic lesions in the form of dysplasia and lymphocytic infiltration were seen in DMH-treated group. CUR-CS-NP and CUR treatments reduced the pathologic changes and increased caspase-3 expressions. Each treatment increased glutathione and reduced MDA, nitric oxide, and CEA levels. Conclusions Our study reveals that CUR and CUR-CS-NP have antioxidant and proapoptotic effects. So, it provides an insight towards the use of biological sources as promising anticancer agents.

Print this article     Email this article
 Next article
 Previous article
 Table of Contents

 Similar in PUBMED
   Search Pubmed for
   Search in Google Scholar for
 Related articles
 Citation Manager
 Access Statistics
 Reader Comments
 Email Alert *
 Add to My List *
 * Requires registration (Free)

 Article Access Statistics
    PDF Downloaded120    
    Comments [Add]    

Recommend this journal