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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 355-361

Office cervicoscopy versus stationary colposcopy in cases with suspicious cervix: a randomized controlled trial


Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology - Women's Health Hospital - Assuit University, Assiut, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Mostafa AboulEla
Women's Health University Hospital, 71111 Assiut
Egypt
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/JCMRP.JCMRP_43_18

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Objective To compare the diagnostic accuracy of small-caliber office cervicoscopy versus stationary colposcopy in diagnosis of ectocervical as well as endocervical lesions in women clinically presented with suspicious cervix. Patients and methods Eligible 112 cases with clinically suspicious cervix were randomized into group A (56 cases) and group B (56 cases) who were subjected to small-caliber office cervicoscopy and stationary colposcopy, respectively. The outcome was the diagnostic accuracy and safety of both tools for detection of ectocervical and endocervical cervical lesions. Results There were no statistically significant differences between both groups regarding parity, previous abortion, age at marriage, duration of marriage, and age at menarche and menopause. Group A significantly reported more spontaneous vaginal bleeding. On unaided naked eye examination of the cervix, there were no statistically significant differences between both groups. Office cervicoscopy was more sensitive than colposcopy for detection of cervical abnormalities. Conclusion Office cervicoscopy is more sensitive than stationary colposcopy for detection of cervical lesions in cases with suspicious cervix as an example of high-risk group for cervical cancer. Moreover, its widespread use by gynecologists is highly recommended as it is more available in hospitals and clinics. Its small-caliber allows easy, simple and fast diagnostic out-patient evaluation of the cervix. Its better evaluation of the endocervical canal and possible examination of the endometrial cavity are clear advantages over stationary colposcopy.


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